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Plagiarism: Paraphrasing

This guide explains what is plagiarism and how to avoid plagiarizing.

What is paraphrasing?

“paraphrasing - using your own words to express someone else's message or ideas. In a paraphrase, the ideas and meaning of the original source must be maintained; the main ideas need to come through, but the wording has to be your own.”

Paraphrasing what to do?

Read the original source more than one time.
Write the same idea using your own words.
Look for unfamiliar words or sentences and try to express the idea using your expressions.
Keep checking and comparing with the original source if it is similar or using the same words then it’s plagiarism.
Don’t forget to cite every source you use, and include chapters and the page numbers.

What strategies can I use to paraphrase?

1- Use synonyms for all words that are not generic. Words like world, food, or science are so basic to our vocabulary that is difficult to find a synonym.

2- Change the structure of the sentence.

3- Change the voice from active to passive and vice versa.    

4- Change clauses to phrases and vice versa.

5- Change parts of speech.