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Footnotes and Endnotes: How to add a footnote

The purpose of this guide is to highlight the difference between footnotes and endnotes, and explain best practices on how to use both when writing research papers.

How to add a Footnote


Footnotes can be just (notes) to add more information, or a reference to a source of information to be seen at the bottom of the page.

1- most commonly footnotes are short versions of citations. The best practice is to start writing your bibliographies and works cited before you start adding footnotes. Complete your paper, then start adding a list of references, and only then you can start adding your footnotes.

2- To add a footnote, go to the end of the sentence you want to add the footnote to.

In Microsoft Word, click on the references tab, click on footnotes group, then select insert footnote. A number will appear at the end of your sentence and the same number will appear in the footer of the page, where you can add your information.

3- When you use footnotes, instead of parenthetical in-text citations, they should include the following:

Authors name or editors name

Title (italics)

Editor, translator, compiler, etc.

Volume number, series number

Publishers name

Place of publication

Date of publication

The number of pages and citation.

4- To footnote a website you need to add the following information in the following order:

- Author or editor.

- Title (italics)


- Date of access.

5- Use abbreviated information of the used source in subsequent footnotes: add the author or editors last name, abbreviated title written in italics and number or numbers that are cited.

Important Note:

Footnotes do not replace the reference list at the end of your paper.

Useful Resources